On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel was proclaimed and five Arab nations were attacked in support of the Palestinian Arabs. The Israelis repelled the Arab armies and conquered considerable territory, initially allocated to the Arabs during the UN partition of Palestine in 1947. After two successive ceasefires brokered by the United States, the State of Israel concluded formal ceasefire agreements with Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria in February 1949. These agreements left Israel in permanent control of the area it had conquered during the conflict. As the head of the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the recognized head of the Palestinian rule of law, all eyes are on Abbas. For many Palestinians, PA officials are seen as elitist, selfish, and largely separate from the population. In times of crisis, Abbas makes courageous statements (for example.B. Israel reacted angrily to the Gaza agreement reached between Fatah and Hamas on April 23, 2014, whose main objective was reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas, the formation of a Palestinian unity government and the holding of new elections.  Israel suspended peace talks with the Palestinians and said it would “not negotiate with a Palestinian government backed by Hamas, a terrorist organization that calls for israel`s destruction,” and threatened to sanction the Palestinian Authority, including a previously announced Israeli plan to unilaterally withdraw Palestinian debt from Israeli companies from its tax revenues; What Israel is doing for the PA.   Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu accused Abbas of sabotaging peace efforts.
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